A Zone ▾
A Zone is defined as the Special Flood Hazard Area shown on a community’s Flood Insurance Rate Map. The A Zone is the area subject to inundation during a 100-year flood, which is the flood elevation that has a 1-percent chance of being equaled or exceeded each year. There are several categories of A Zones, including AO (shallow sheet flow or ponding; average flood depths are shown); AH Zones (shallow flooding; base flood elevations are shown); numbered A and AE Zones (base flood elevations are shown); and unnumbered A Zones (no base flood elevations are provided because detailed hydraulic analyses were not performed). (FEMA,Reducing Damage from Localized Flooding – A Guide for Communities (FEMA 511), 2005, vii)
After Action Conference, HSEEP. (FEMA, About HSEEP, 2008)
Applicant Assistance Center. (FEMA, FAAT List (FEMA 524), 2005, p. 1)
After Action Report. (DHS, TCL, 2007, p. 30)
After Action Review. (Dept. of Army, WMD-CST Operations, Dec. 2007, Glossary 1)
After Action Report/Improvement Plan. (FEMA, About HSEEP, 2008)
Action Officer (AO) ▾
“An individual assigned by a Federal agency to manage a specific
mission assignment issued to that Federal agency.” (FEMA, Mission Assignment SOPs
Operating Draft, July 2007. p. 55)
Academic Recovery ▾
A component of the Continuity of Operations (COOP) annex identifying strategies to continue teaching after an incident.
Action Planning ▾
Steps, or activities, that must be taken to improve and sustain identified strategies.
Action Request Form (ARF) ▾
“The Action Request Form (ARF) is the form that the State,
Federal agencies, and FEMA managers use for requesting Federal assistance that may result in a
mission assignment, the amendment of an existing mission assignment, or the issuance of a
mission assignment task order.” (FEMA, Mission Assignment SOPs…Draft, July 2007. p. 16)
Action Tracker (AT) ▾
“The AT is assigned to the Operations Section (NRCC, RRCC and JFO)
and is responsible for maintaining a log of all Action Request Forms (ARFs) that are submitted
to the Operations Section.” (FEMA, Mission Assignment SOPs Operating Draft, July 2007, 6)
“Actions are specific actions that help you achieve your goals and objectives. For
• Elevate three historic structures located in the downtown district.
• Sponsor a community fair to promote wildfire defensible space.
• Retrofit the police department to withstand high wind damage.” (FEMA, Developing the
Mitigation Plan (FEMA 386-3), 2003, p. 1-1)
“The implementation of business continuity capabilities, procedures, activities, and
plans in response to an emergency or disaster declaration; the execution of the recovery plan.
Similar terms: Declaration, Invocation.” (DigitalCare, State of OR BC Workshop, 2006, p. 45)
Activity Process Flow Map ▾
“An Activity Process Flow Map shows the major activities that
are performed with the capability and how the capability links to other capabilities.” (DHS, TCL,
2007, p. 8)
Acts of God ▾
Natural disasters or freak accidents. (Birkland 1997, 2.)
“When society seems to have formed a consensus that the event was an ‘act of God,’ such as
a natural disaster or freak accident, our attention turns to what we can do to help the victims.
But when the disaster is the result of human failings – poor design, operator error, ‘corporate
greed,’ or ‘government neglect’ – our attention turns to the voluntary acceptance of
responsibility for an event or to the more coercive process of fixing blame. Boards of
inquiry are formed, legislatures hold hearings, and reports are issued, all in hopes of
‘learning something from this incident’ to ensure that something similar does not happen
again or in the case of ‘unavoidable’ disasters, in hopes of improving our preparation for and
response to disasters” (Birkland 1997, 2).
After-Action Report (AAR) ▾
A document intended to capture observations of an exercise and make recommendations for post-exercise improvements. The final AAR and Improvement Plan (IP) are printed and distributed jointly as a single AAR/IP following an exercise. See After-Action Report/Improvement Plan.
After-Action Report/Improvement Plan (AAR/IP) ▾
The main product of the Evaluation and Improvement Planning process. The After-Action Report/Improvement Plan (AAR/IP) has two components: an After-Action Report (AAR), which captures observations of an exercise and makes recommendations for post-exercise improvements; and an Improvement Plan (IP), which identifies specific corrective actions, assigns them to responsible parties, and establishes targets for their completion.
Natural, technological, or human-caused incidents that warrant action to protect life, property, environment, and public health or safety, and to minimize disruptions of school activities.
American Red Cross (ARC) ▾
The American Red Cross, a humanitarian organization led by volunteers and guided by its Congressional Charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement, will provide relief to victims of disaster and help people prevent, prepare for, and respond to emergencies.
Analyzing Hazards ▾
A process to determine what hazards or threats merit special attention, what actions must be planned for, and what resources are likely to be needed.
See Functional Annexes, Hazard-Specific Annexes.
Supporting documents such as a list of acronyms, copies of statutes, and maps that provide additional guidance and references for planning.
See American Red Cross.
Authorities and References ▾
A component of the basic plan that provides the legal basis for emergency operations and activities. When the school emergency operations plan (EOP) is approved, the procedures and policies within the document become legally binding.
Automated Notification System ▾
An automated system that allows school administrators to promptly call or page every staff member and/or parent in the event of an incident.